The growing challenge of counterfeiting in the FMCG industry

Of late, the FMCG sector has been suffering from the problem of counterfeiting. As per a report by FICCI CASCADE around 35% of FMCG items are fake. The study also reveals that around 80% of consumers believe that they are buying genuine goods.

The growth of fake goods in the FMCG sector has had an impact on both consumers and producers. While the manufacturers suffer from a tarnished brand image and low sales the consumer is at the risk of losing money and a bad impact on his or her health. He also says that unscrupulous manufacturers are also detrimental to the national economy.

Counterfeiters also repackage fake goods to make them visually similar to the genuine ones. It has been seen that old plastic water bottles are being repackaged and sold in the market, the same is the case with many other goods. Such deceptive duplication leads to a loss of consumers and brand owners as well.

In India, a large number of the population settled in rural parts of the country suffer from rampant counterfeiting of FMCG goods. With a little check of authorities and poor regulation and manufacturing guidelines counterfeiting is easily slipping in the pockets of the common man.

Advancements in technology and easy procurement of the same have made it possible for counterfeiters to establish little backyard factories and hubs for the manufacturing of duplicate items. It has also been observed that counterfeiters are making fake labels and packaging to dupe consumers. In the year 2014-2015 sale of FMCG, tobacco and alcoholic beverages constituted 65 percent of the total sales.

Holistik provides customized anti-counterfeiting, packaging and labeling solutions to deal with the problem of counterfeiting in the FMCG sector. To know more about our unique anti-counterfeiting solutions call us on +91–785-785-7000 or mail us at connect@ec2-54-210-245-44.compute-1.amazonaws.com.

What are the reasons behind the growth of counterfeiting in India?

In the past few decades, there has been an enormous growth in the field of innovation and technology in India. This is further supplemented by the rising impact of globalization and an increase in spending power of the average consumer. However, the scenario has brought along many problems.

Among the many problems, the menace of counterfeiting is growing on a humungous scale. The current value fake products in India has reached more than 1 lakh crore annually.

Counterfeiting also referred as piracy in common trade parlance mean the unlawful acquisition by a person of the property of another person without his consent. Counterfeiting includes forgery of currency, documents, software, pharmaceuticals, jeans, watches, electronics and company logos and brands.

So, what are the reasons behind the growth of counterfeiting in India, let’s discuss:

  • Lack of knowledge about fake products: In India, one can find fake products anywhere. From street shops to malls, e-commerce to retail outlets, counterfeit products can be found anywhere. Consumers in India have little or no awareness related to product authentication, so they are duped with fake items umpteen times.
  • Lack of use of anti-counterfeiting solutions: Despite heavy losses many companies don’t take the problem of counterfeiting seriously and remain susceptible to the losses due to fake products. Anti-counterfeiting solutions like security holograms, security labels, holographic shrink sleeves, holographic strips can secure products from the problem of counterfeiting.
  • Poor intellectual property laws and regulations: India still suffers from weak laws related to counterfeiting. In absence of stringent laws, forgers find it easy to sell of their fake products in the market.

Established in the year 1991, Holostik India Ltd. is a leading manufacturer of customized anti-duplication solutions with the aim of securing products and industries. The company offers security holograms, security labels, revenue stamps, hot stamping foils, wads, shrink sleeves etc. along with digital product authentication, supply chain management, track & trace, reward management and much more. Holostik has 5 state-of-art manufacturing facilities with most advanced industry certifications. In 28 years of its legacy, Holostik has catered to 10,000+ clients from different industries and has worldwide outreach in 75+ countries.

 

 

 

How does counterfeiting affects the economy?

Counterfeiting is a trillion-dollar illegal business having its presence in almost every part of the world. Today, counterfeiting is posing a threat to not just the consumers but also to the economic growth of the nations.

The menace of counterfeiting has reached a global value of trillions of dollars. Counterfeit products are not just posing a threat to the legitimate manufacturers but also to consumers. We often come across news reports from different parts of the world where consumers have been badly affected by fake products.

As per a joint report by OECD and EUIPO, “Global sales of fake and pirated goods have soared to 460 billion euros ($522 billion) a year, amounting to a whopping 3.3 percent of world trade.” The report also states the nations most affected by counterfeiting which includes the United States, Japan, South Korea, and the EU states. However, the effects of counterfeiting are not just visible in developed countries but are also hampering the growth of the developing world.

According to ASPA the value of counterfeiting in India has reached one lakh crore annually and is causing big trouble to the national economy.

Let’s discuss some of the negative impacts of counterfeiting on the economy of the country.

  • Evasion of taxes: The growing counterfeit products industry thrive in the market without paying taxes to the government. Unlike genuine manufacturers, they evade taxes that are necessary for the government exchequer. This prevents the government to sufficiently spend on welfare projects and schemes.
  • Rise in unemployment: Counterfeit products cause monetary losses to the manufacturers. Due to the slowdown, they are not able to recruit new employees. The financial instability of the industries creates massive unemployment which is linked indirectly to the problem of fake products.
  • Diminishes foreign investment: It has been generally seen that countries with weak IP laws and poor regulatory measures become the breeding ground for counterfeit activities. Such countries blur their chances of foreign investments. Counterfeiting diminishes the chances of foreign direct investments and thus block the economic growth of a country.
  • Promotes other black-market activities: Counterfeiting fuels other black-market activities and is a lucrative business for organized criminals. With the money acquired from the sale of counterfeits, they fund their vast network, which is involved in drug trafficking, human trafficking, illegal arms, prostitution, etc.

Finally, we can conclude that counterfeiting has multiple negative effects, which are very harmful to the economic growth of the country if not checked on time by authorities and the respective governments of their countries.

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The rise of counterfeit consumer electronics industry in India

In India some of the most popular markets for counterfeit electronic products are Nehru Place and Ghaffar Market in New Delhi, Manish Market and Linking Road in Mumbai, Hong Kong Bazaar in Hyderabad and Kasimedu street in Chennai. In fact, tier 2 and tier 3 cities are flooded with fake and cheap grade electronic products in abundance.

According to reports, the counterfeit electronic products market is growing twice as fast as general goods. There are numerous news reports and studies which point towards the growing fake consumer electronics industry.

An article by Quartz cited a report according to which every one in three Indians has received a counterfeit on the e-commerce space. According to the report, the largest share is that of mobile and computers at 45% followed by TV and other electronic products.

There are two different types of counterfeit electronics products available in the Indian market. The first type includes a completely fake product (not manufactured by the original component manufacturer but has laser markings). The second type is known as a partial fake product (manufactured by the original component manufacturer but are remarked to show different functions). In this type, the counterfeiters use fake packaging instead of remarking the product.

To tackle the onslaught of counterfeit products in the electronic sector the Department of Electronics and Information Technology had notified ‘Electronic and IT Goods (Requirements for Compulsory Registration) order in the year 2012 under compulsory registration scheme of Bureau of Indian Standards.

The order maintains that no person shall manufacture or store for sale, import, sell or distribute goods which do not conform to the Indian Standard specified in the order. Although the order has proved to be a big milestone in curbing counterfeiting, still there are measures that need to be followed strictly to completely eradicate fake electronic products from the market.

For example, organizations must strictly use different anti-counterfeiting measures to prevent any possible form of counterfeiting or tampering. Integrated anti-counterfeiting solutions which include a security label or a hologram along with a QR code helps to track and trace the product in a supply chain. In addition, the integrated solution also helps in instant product authentication.

To know more about our anti-duplication solutions for consumer electronics call us on +91–785-785-7000 or mail us at connect@ec2-54-210-245-44.compute-1.amazonaws.com.

 

The rise of counterfeiting in the footwear industry

According to a report by OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) and EU’s (European Union’s) Intellectual Property Office states that the footwear industry is the most affected by the problem of counterfeiting. Some of the famous brands affected by counterfeiting or duplication are Nike. Adidas, Sketchers, Reebok, Asics, etc.

Fake footwear represented around 22% of the overall share of counterfeited and pirated goods seized in the year 2016.

Nowadays consumers have become highly brand conscious, but everyone cannot afford a costly branded product. In order to satiate their need for buying luxury goods at low prices, people have shifted their focus towards fake goods. Selling and buying of fake items are illegal as they violate the intellectual property rights of the brands.

With the growth of e-commerce, it has become quite challenging to stop the sale of counterfeits. This is because a consumer cannot differentiate between a genuine and an original product by just seeing an image online.

According to a report, the global footwear market was valued at approximately USD 246.07 billion in 2017 and is expected to generate revenue of around USD 320.44 billion by the end of 2023, growing at a CAGR of around 4.5% between 2017 and 2023.

Fake footwear may fulfil your urge for branded goods, but they easily wear out or may cause injury or accidents many times. Counterfeit footwear leads to loss of profits, drop down in the reputations of the brands and also leads to massive unemployment.

Duplicate footwear can be curbed with the help of effective regulatory measures, the use of anti-duplication technologies and most importantly by generating awareness among the consumers and retailers regarding the drawbacks of fake footwear items. Some of the anti-counterfeiting measures are holograms, security labels, QR codes, holographic films, and other flexible packaging products.

To get the best anti-duplication solution call us on +91-7857857000 or mail us at connect@ec2-54-210-245-44.compute-1.amazonaws.com.